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This video will make you go vegan in less than two minutes

*some clips provided by peta

In the past year , I’ve taken time off to help myself grow as a person , and I have realized that my past style, were considered controversial for a very long time . At this point , I honestly don’t care if I’m controversial or not , but I want to use the following I’ve gained to make a positive impact on the world , no matter how difficult that may be or how graphically I’ll have to put the message across .

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Vegan Millionaires Shortbread YEAAAAAAAHH!!!

Hi, today I’m going to be showing you guys how to make vegan millionaire shortbreads I know what you’re thinking ah that sounds long it’s not it’s really easy but the one thing that you really do need for my recipe is a condensed a condensed can of soy milk a can of condensed soy milk and there are other ways of doing it which you can look up online but this is the one that I found the best for like holding its shape and you if you follow me on instagram you might have seen that I was doing it giveaway for said before you get millionaire’s shortbreads and these are the exact ones I’m gonna be giving away so if you were the winner you can see me picking my nose where they’re making them and working it in the batter quick sidenote firstly I don’t know what’s going on with my eye makeup today I cannot get it even you know people are like oh why browser sisters not twins for what what’s the thing with winged eyeliner and secondly what’s gone on here my hair started to go kind of greeny gray I’m not mad at it though I don’t mind it anyway complete side note that let’s actually get on with some cricket are we okay so let’s get started what I’ve weighed out so far is a hundred grams of caster sugar and 220 grams of plain flour in my bowl I’m going to give them a stir we’re making a shortbread base first just make sure all the sugar and all the flour is combined before you add the butter just to make sure it’s all mixed evenly really okay oh me whoops hey well annoyingly that was just off camera but I did actually flick flour all over myself now I’ve had a quick clean up after the break I’m gonna add in 125 grams of soy butter I’ve got this dairy-free pure one you can use whatever you want vital lights another good go to say 125 grams are going in here Oh oh my god 124 let’s leave it there cuz otherwise I’m gonna go over it right you do not leave this guy’s misstep and are we on camera yes you’re just gonna go in with your hands so I’ve taken off all my lovely little sparkly rings and we’re just gonna start combining this bit is really fun it’s kind of it feels kind of gross but also lush so I’ve lined my Tim and this bit is really important so don’t try to get away without doing it which is something that I probably would have done back in the day before I was a genius I’ve just put parchment paper in and these sides have got a bit more of the soy butter just spread around it I promise you you are not getting this guy out of the tin if you don’t mind it like I said be sensible and do it got my dough here look at that for buttery biscuit base I’m just gonna press it in and then we’re gonna work it into all of the corners so it’s nice and even and super flat and I’m probably going to fast forward this bit because I doubt you want to be doing this for 10 minutes right it’s all pushed into the corners nice and evenly the neater you can get it the nicer it’s going to work when you take it out I’ve pricked it with a fork to ensure an even think as Mary berry would say and I’m going to put it in the other at the moment I’m on gas mark 6 so I think about between 180 200 200 might be to got 180 in a fan of them and I think it’s going to go in for about 15 minutes but I’ll let you know cuz sometimes everyone’s oven is different everyone’s having gets hot then of the Robins just make sure it’s in the middle of the oven so that one side doesn’t get more cooked than the other okay let’s do this right the shortbread still in the oven don’t start heating the caramel until the shortbreads out and quite cool I’m just going to show you basically the start of the caramel so in here I’ve got half my tin of condensed soy milk which I threw away this is the brand that I had set on the camera yes it is so yeah so I’ve got half a can of that I’m doing this recipe in half quantities because I made it the other day so I only had one pan just double it if you want to make a big batch but yeah half of that went into here and then I put in a tablespoon of golden syrup and then 50 grams of brown sugar and I’m just gonna mix it all together before I put it on the heat I just wanted to show you what it looks like and then I’ll show you again when I’m heating it and what it looks like then so my shortbread base is out I think it was in for about 20 minutes it’s nice and golden oh my god I can smell it smells so good so now that’s how I’ve started to put the heat on on the old caramel should probably move the camera but it’s just starting to melt so I’ve got it on a really low heat and it’s probably going to take about five six minutes to be the consistency that I want it to but basically you want all the sugar to have melted all the butter to have melted and it will start to thicken up just keep you need to stay in the room with it so don’t go off and go to the toilet or anything like that and yeah I’ll show you what it looks like when it’s done oh hey I’m so annoyed right it is pretty much at the consistency that I want now you can see how much it’s not even on the camera yeah how much it’s thickened up but it’s still a pourable which is great because once it starts to set it’s really hard to spread evenly so I’m gonna pour it on in a sec alright guys we’re going in oh my god make sure you get every single last bit this is actually a great tip that I’m about to share with you that I haven’t done but I’ve just thought of have a pan up our pan a oh my god look at that I’m gonna move it around a bit in a sec fill in all the little gaps isn’t gonna be so great what I was gonna say is have a sink of hot water ready because once it’s set onto your pan you’re gonna be right that’s that bit done now we just need to leave it to cool yeah right now we are going to make the top at the chocolate top the caramel isn’t completely set but it is hard to the touch still a bit warm though and this is perfect for pouring it on because it’s not going to mix it and it’s still at the top it’s gonna sit on top I am making my chocolate for those of you again who follow me on instagram you’ll see that quite often I post little handmade chocolates this is how I make them and I just really like to do it it’s basically just coconut oil golden syrup or agave if you want to be sugar free but if you want to be sugar free don’t do this recipe because you’re a heart attack and cocoa powder ah basically you just combine like this quarter cup of melted coconut oil with a quarter cup of cocoa powder make sure it’s all in there you can’t just use store-bought chocolate if you can’t bother to do this thing or if you can’t get a hold of coconut oil and mix it together it’s so chocolatey and so like rich and it just sets in the fridge when the coconut oil goes hard I just really like making it but like I said buy your own from just make sure it’s vegan dark chocolate and you can just Mouse it with a tiny bit of soy cream or even a splash of soy milk just to make it a bit more ganache like so it cuts nicely and doesn’t shatter right so that’s the chocolatey syrup but if you eat it like this it will taste disgusting because it will be so bitter so we’re gonna add some golden syrup and I’m putting in about a tablespoon I don’t want this to be too sweet because the whole thing in itself super-sweet so again combiner and if you’re making if you’re going to use this to make little chocolates this is the stage as you can see it’s getting like really glossy and beautiful this is the stage when you just pour it into the little molds to make sure it’s all whipped up if you don’t mix it properly it has a habit of separating and all the sweet stuff goes at the bottom and then you get a very bitter cocoa on top it’s actually not that bad because it kind of tastes a bit like a truffle but I don’t want that for this because I’ve got a post them as well so these need to hold up in the post okay now I’m going to pour it on there will be a link below to a CD available with one of my singing on it they went really I did not know by man my mum okay that’s make sure you’ve got all of it you don’t have to rush massively with this part because the coconut oil doesn’t really satin till it’s gotten pretty cold in the fridge they pour it on just drizzle it around make sure that all of the caramel is covered oh my god there it is now it’s gonna go back in the fridge to set when it’s kind of half there I’m going to put some decorations on the top if you put them on now they’ll literally just disappear free the chocolate look in that is how you make raw vegan chocolate by the way so I’m gonna put it in the freezer because I want it to hurry up but if you’ve got all day put it in the fridge so that’s it they’re done it was a sip as that thank you so much for watching and as always if you make any take a picture and tag me on Instagram or Twitter or whatever you want to do just let me know because I love to see you guys making my stuff thanks again bye

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Vegan Disgusted When Date Orders Fish | First Dates

So your name is I’m Rachel h-hurry with an eye hi there what are you having a vegan cider a vegan cider there’s a thing yes the revolution in oil change oil contains why would we kill so many animals that are so beautiful and compassionate and the tree it’s all wrong get them wolf I was like spotting the killing of the animals as a vegetarian he’s supporting me the torture of the animals yes you have a chance to look at Vinnie I’m vegan sold out veggie that was curry but we could make it vegan food to take the yogurt out there for you that’s okay I used to be vegetarian and then I was really hungover and I had a bacon sandwich and then I didn’t go out so if you don’t really like crazy films one of these nice na beds someone is just like will piss you off all night long but then you’ll be like actually I like this guy further lady squared muscles the fish bones are also blended up into it okay anything else thank you I can smell the fish and that’s me nice little fishes everything that I ever feel I just say I feel like if you can express yourself you can be yourself and if you can’t take you I am you can off even you’ve killed my friends my friends I I’m just gonna say that I don’t think though is that I don’t think there was that much chemistry there and she does in that way exactly what I said yeah do you think I shouldn’t have eaten fish no no I’m not saying that I’m just saying it just put me off personally yeah I’m not on you I don’t feel I don’t make you feel bad this obsession ya know I named it yeah you did try and make me feel bad though you

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The Millionaire Pitcher that Lives in a Van

This is all my kitchen equipment and then here it’s kind of like pots and pans keeps the soup in there French press and I’ll move on to the next room and I’ve got my bed along with my closet on the side right here my surfboard this is my baby [Music] [Music] you know people ask me a lot of times like why I do this it wasn’t really anything I thought about it was just once I got this like I knew this is what I’m just gonna do this you know I didn’t do it really a thought process that went into I wanna you know make this liveable I want to do this and this and this is just this is what I’m gonna do that’s not terrible throw for your camp members in there be alright with Hannah so I get to learn a lot about myself just you know you’re by yourself a lot here it’s like complete you know alone we were in a meeting and she touched out for blue jays was making a joke about somebody’s van in the parking lot and how it had grown grass all around it I saw like Nora’s kind of laughing so I introduced myself and I met dia I met the big hippie so guys you know most guys aren’t hotels or houses you know he’s just a simple guy so he parks it at the beach or the old Walmart there and you know sleeps out no one giving me a hard time because you guys are here they love it I always want me to make cook for him and stuff [Music] a little kind of a nice shake I hold it [Music] every time I start it up like it’s it takes five minutes for me to get going so I like stop at a red light and all just die out you deal with it and you just gotta be patient really take that into other forms alive I guess I think my first year in pro belong to us in twelve I had an eight-and-a-half er a that’s not good that’s really bad and I became a bulldog on the mound it’s controlled chaos you know off the field I don’t really I never get like that but I’m human and baseball gets into my mind on my car maybe I can remember out some push-ups like it makes you feel like you know I did something to get better today I think of all day there’s an opportunity to do more just like tonight like before I lay down to sleep I’m gonna go to pull ups at Walmart well basically this is where I do my pull-ups like see if I can demonstrate a few before I get kicked out of here her Cyrus get a roll start and she’s off right now see that kind of I guess into it I can fill it up for 25 bucks but I usually try to my stop it gas station I felt like usually like five to seven bucks Inc if I have a full tank I’m always gonna go off on some kind of crazy adventure never know where I’ll end up so I gotta keep myself inside of a little window there’s time try to drive and I’ll kind of like start kicking myself because I’ll see something interesting and I’ll pass it by I’m just like dang it should I should I like check that out and so I I think recently I’ve done a lot better job if I see something I’ll hit the brakes or even like turn around you know but like now it is like I’ll just pull off to the shoulder and and like kind of get in the grass you know and then just go to it and walk this is what I look for like this is the way I was raised up and that’s what I enjoy just because money is there doesn’t mean that it’s you know you gotta have nicer things and you used to have you know no I’m not a money could really buy this I’ve been offered more than what I paid for it before and I just it’s easy for me to say no just because it’s like it’s a part of me just ever been in it and all that stuff sounds weird but it is you

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Emotional Intelligence – Why Your EQ Is More Important Than Your IQ

Hey this is Leo for actualised org and in this video we’re going to talk about emotional intelligence alright so emotional intelligence why is it important well first before we even get into that let’s say emotional intelligence is also defined as EQ kind of like you have IQ which is your intelligence quotients well here you also have EQ which is your emotional quotient so I’ll be saying interchangeably emotional intelligence sometimes other times I’ll be saying e Q to be compared to IQ alright so why is EQ important well what they’ve actually discovered after doing lots of research in the last really thirty years they’ve had so much research about what creates performance and success in business and in careers and what they really found is that people who are successful the number one factor is not IQ it’s not intelligence the number one factor is EQ it’s emotional intelligence it’s your ability to work with emotions that is what’s critical they’ve done so many studies in colleges and universities and in corporations across the country in the world that really document this and demonstrate this you think we would kind of commonly think that well if somebody is smart if they have a high IQ then that person can get a lot of stuff done and sometimes we even say that well he’s so smart he’s got he’s got like a really sharp mind he’s able to get stuff done that’s not actually very true people that are extremely smart technically speaking on the IQ scale if they have a very high IQ actually they tend to not produce that much they tend to be not that successful when your IQ gets like above 150 it does actually be counterproductive because you’re so much in your head all the time and you lose touch with the emotions and the emotions are what really create success in life because life is about relationships life is about being able to be in relationship with others and it’s also understanding yourself and being able to control and manage your own emotions so if you can do that if you can develop strong emotional intelligence then you are going to be successful and your relationships are going to be more successful you’re going to be happier there you’re just going to be happier alone by yourself naturally you’re going to have better control you’re going to be able to do things you’re going to be able to execute on the things you want to execute on because you’re gonna have the discipline in the wheel power and you’re not going to have those super high highs and those super slow lows in life you’re going to have a more even keeled trajectory through life and that tends to be what produces success and high performance so that’s ultimately why you should be interested in EQ now EQ we should clarify what it is and what it’s not let’s start by what it’s not a lot of people will assume that EQ talks about sociability and what emotional intelligence means is that you’re extroverted and that you’re confident and that you’re a people person and you’re very gregarious right we know those types of people that’s the cliche extrovert well that’s not what emotional intelligence is about emotional intelligence in fact is something that dovetails very nicely with introverts so for example I’m a very strong introvert but I also have a high emotional intelligence and this is something that actually measured through tests so I got I got tested for this and you know you can take assessments online and in both other places so the two are not opposed at all and the two are not synonymous being sociable and being emotionally intelligent is not necessarily synonymous so what is emotional intelligence said let’s really define it let’s break into it so here’s the definition that I got from a book called emotional intelligence 2.0 which I highly recommend you check out because they’ve got a very in-depth explanation with lots of examples and then they give you assessment so you can actually assess yourself and get scores which is which is nice so it’s not subjective it becomes very tangible so definition of emotional intelligence is and I’m reading this off the ability to recognize and understand your emotions in yourself and in others and your ability to use this awareness to manage your behavior and your relationships so that is e Q in a nutshell now there’s really four pillars I’m calling them four pillars of emotional intelligence and they were part of that definition if you notice pillar number one is your ability to understand your own emotions being able to label your emotions and just recognizing what you have and having a broader range of emotions so having more awareness there that’s pillar number one pillar number two is your ability to control your emotions because it’s one thing to just know your emotions what you’re feeling label it it’s a totally another matter to be able to manage it to be able to discipline yourself control yourself so you’re not having those those crashes and you’re not having those ecstatic Peaks but you’re somewhere in the middle and you’re even keeled that’s controlling your emotions pillar number two P low number three is your ability to read emotions and other people you might call this empathy it’s your ability to understand what other people are experiencing and feeling being able to relate to that using your mirror neurons you’re relating to that and you’re understanding their point of view it’s really the ability to step into somebody else’s shoes and look at life or a situation from their perspective that’s pillar number three and pillar number four is your ability to then manage your relationships so how smooth are your relationships going for you how well are you communicating and interacting within them that is also determined by your EQ so EQ consists of all these four pillars and actually in that book emotional intelligence 2.0 I took tests and I got tested I got I got a score for each one of those pillars so you might be stronger and you probably are definitely stronger in some of these four than you are in others so maybe for example you are really good at controlling your emotions but you’re not so good about managing your social relationships or maybe your you’re really good at identifying your emotions but then you can’t really control them and so you know you’re experiencing you can label it you’re self-aware you’re very conscious but then you’re just struggling to actually then practically manage that and channel it into your work or the habits that you’re trying to instill in your life like you’re working on your diet or your gym so you know you can have different levels and of course the idea is that the higher you are in each one of these the better because you want all of them maxed out ideally the more intelligent intelligence you have the better you’re going to do in life the happier you’re going to be so you want them to be maximally at 100 each one at 100 all right so those are the four pillars I’m sure you have a deeper understanding of what EQ is let’s also talk about how this actually relates to some of the stuff that happens in our life because it might still be a little bit abstract at this point it might be a little bit unclear as to how EQ can really help you and how it impacts you already because it’s already impacting what’s happening in your life in fact if you’re having struggle in relationships whether you’re intimate relationship or relationships at work with your boss with coworkers with employees then that’s a really big sign that you have trouble in at least one of these four pillars if not all of them so let’s talk about that so here’s a list of the things that EQ is controlling or is tied to these are some of the effects of EQ firstly is anger management are you able to manage your anger well if you are then you have high EQ if you’re not then you have low EQ probably because well you’re failing on those first two pillars you’re not very conscious about it about your feelings and secondly you’re not able to control them very well so that’s an example right there next is accountability how much accountability are you able to take on yourself rather than blaming other people that’s connected to EQ how about honesty and trust that one is connected tq2 how honest are you with yourself but then also how honest are you able to be in social situations without having to be pressured into into line or telling white lies or being distrustful of people so honesty and trust are big and those are really tied to EQ you’ve also got assertiveness and confidence these are big if you’re lacking in assertiveness and you’re lacking in confidence then you’re also lacking in emotional intelligence communication how good of a communicator are you can you communicate in your intimate relationship how about communicating at work if you’re not able to communicate effectively that shows a lack of emotional intelligence how about stress tolerance are you always stressed are you frantic are you anxious thinking negative thoughts always judging yourself feeling guilty well that is a sign that you don’t have very strong emotional intelligence you’re faltering on one of those four pillars how about decision making how strong are you of a decision-maker do you find yourself waffling all the time making a decision then going back and going forward and going back and going forward or not being able to decide between two things for a long time procrastinating this is a sign of low emotional intelligence how about flexibility how flexible are you do you flow with life are you able to handle the challenge in the situation that are coming up with life or are you very rigid and set in your ways and everything is bumping into you and causing all sorts of pain and suffering that’s a sign of low EQ how about presentation skills probably more related to work how well you able to give a presentation to speak to convince people to motivate people to inspire people especially if your manager this is very very applicable and good managers must have high EQ to be able to influence their employees in a you know effective way also the next point is listening skills how about listening skills how good of a listener are you are you able to really listen to what people are telling you are able to understand it to really empathize with it and are you able to then show them reflect back to them that you did understand do people think that you’re a good listener or do people think that you’re a poreless well if you’re a poor listener then that’s tied to low EQ so that is the list and I’m sure there’s more these are just some of the most obvious ways in which EQ connects to your life in all these different areas but of course it relates to your intimate relationships very much it also relates to how you’re doing at work how you’re talking to clients all of that it also relates very much to how peaceful and happy you feel just inside by yourself because if you’re always frantic and you’re always sad or depressed we’re having any of these kinds of negative emotions you’re angry all the time you’re guilty this shows a lack of emotional intelligence because you’re not recognizing them in yourself first and foremost but then you also don’t have tools and strategies for how to manage them and then you’re you’re expressing them and then it’s also impacting your relationships out in the real world so it affects you and it affects the world so that’s you can you can see how powerful this idea is and how many aspects of your life it affects it literally the tentacles from EQ literally spread into almost every single aspect of your life this is why this idea is so so so important so now we know what EQ is we really defined it I think you have a good strong sense of how it relates to your life with all these examples the question now is how do you go about developing it or even can you develop it what can you do about this what if you happen to be low in one of these areas what if you don’t really have a strong sense of your emotions what if you don’t have good control what if you can empathize what if you are a bad communicator or bad in relationships how do you manage that well the good news is that more so than IQ EQ is highly developable that means you can develop it you can work on it it takes time it doesn’t happen overnight it’s not a week-long process it will take you months to do this but you can work in pinpointed ways on those exact deficiencies that you have in each one of these four pillars you can do things to retrain your mind to think in new ways to make new distinctions to understand new thing and to put new communication skills into place so that these things are brought up to to the maximum and that’s work that you can do I actually do a lot of that work through coaching a lot of the videos that I share with you guys although I don’t explicitly say that this is about EQ or emotional intelligence ultimately this is what actualize that org is about we’re helping you understand emotions we’ll help you understand your psychology and psychology is very emotion Laden and then we’re helping you understand how to master them through all these different techniques so for example something like meditation or something like journaling could be a technique that you can use to reduce your stress or to build more understanding of your emotions something like coaching is something you can use to understand your emotions better reading books and understand about this stuff can help you understand your emotions better then going out there actually practicing some of this stuff so there’s a lot of different like practical techniques that you can use and you should use to actually go out and work on each one of these pillars I don’t really have time to go into them it’s such a deep topic there’s literally hundreds of them so I can’t cover them all I’m going to have other videos that cover how to work probably on each one of these pillars and share more of these techniques with you but this video the purpose was just to show you that this is out there get you to start to understand that emotional intelligence is important and then hopefully give you a sense of this is something that you should care about and you should probably have a sense right now whether you are lacking in one of these four pillars or in all of them do you think you have low EQ or high EQ well now you probably now have a better sense although you can go out there to actually get it tested objectively through some of these surveys that they have in books and online which I highly encourage you to do but ultimately now you’ve got a sense of this and now get a little bit more body in to this idea that emotions are important self-control is important it’s all connected to your success in life alright this is Leo I would be signing off this is what I have to say about EQ go ahead leave me your comments please like this and share this I want to spread the message and of course check out actualized org because we have an awesome newsletter there that I want you to subscribe to it’s free free weekly updates with new video articles other goodies and really you want to be signing up because you’re getting you’re getting more information about how to develop self-awareness how to interact with the people how to understand your psychology and the psychology of others because once you understand yours and the psychology of others and you have some techniques for how to manage your psychology well then everything starts clicking for you and your eye your EQ raises and then you can accomplish amazing things so sign up we got some free bonuses there and new updates every week you

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Making The Connection – Vegan Society

There’s often this idea that vegan food will naturally be something where you’re denying yourself the the pleasures of food on a sensual level and so it’s always been really interesting to me to be able to show people to how wrong that is and that we can do things with texture and flavor and senses that set the pleasures of eating food we still get all that was vegan through the church there’s a huge variety of food that you can eat if you’re standing from animal products in fact you’d be amazed at what kind of things you can find even just in your local environment that tastes amazing that’s or anything to do with animal agriculture you can find the examples of all kinds of different cuisines from around the world that you can pull inspiration from where this vegan food that is just a natural part of everyday life they use a lot of different vegetables and tofu and different kinds of soy products tempeh fermented things miso kind of surprising curries it’s getting easier all the time to be able to go out and enjoy vegan food in a restaurant setting this place is opening up all the time and even in places that aren’t fully vegan or vegetarian they’re more and more catering to people with that diet as it’s becoming more and more popular and taking off seth is a very busy restaurant we can often easily do two hundred people in a day and it was voted by timeout as one of the top 50 restaurants in the city in 2009 so for a vegan restaurant to be in that category it’s pretty impressive and so our clientele them the people who come here come from a variety of different backgrounds there’s obviously a large sort of vegan and vegetarian contingent but you get people who have no knowledge of those types of diets who are just curious and want to come and experience what the foods that I can check it out I don’t consider it more difficult in terms of creating really good food on the plate it’s fundamentally not different in that sense from meat based but you do find other costs in a vegan restaurant the chef’s themselves are often much more engaged and passionate with what they’re doing because the way in which they got to that place involved their own personal beliefs and philosophies more so than their traditional kitchen Fatih came here from Munich just before I arrived here as a head chef obviously you know he’s got a lot of things to take care of but he is open to discussing what’s being done and how could we make it better I start working stuff about four years ago and after that I decided to be vegan and I give up everything in one night and I feel the difference between all days and now so I’m much more healthy and I don’t need to go back to eat this kind of animal products and so actually soft changed my lifestyle people love our foods and they always keep asking too often the second one we have lots of vegan and organic wine so if you have good baked tofu you can get nice red wine normally if you’re making is that you have to use some chicken stock feel stock or beef store whatever but I just use some mushroom stock or they start I think it’s the most popular dish in restaurant now what some Italian people is coming back after that experience they say sweet risotto delicious is of them so I’m happy with that working in a vegan restaurant as a chef at the level we’re trying to work out is really exciting because it’s the sense that we’re trying to push the boundaries and do things that haven’t been done before and sort of be at a level that’s respected as just restaurant and just food and then people come here and just enjoy an amazing meal and then on top of which it’s entirely plant-based and we get we get a lot of good feedback and a lot of people are excited about the meals that they have and so it’s sort of rewarding to be able to have that impact and the addition of people what’s possible I have a very very active lifestyle and a retained firefighter I’m on call 24 hours a day seven days a week I always have to be armed and ready to go at all times as well as my training and I can honestly say that I never feel inadequate locator for on a on a vegan diet I started running predominantly to raise funds for animal charities and I started to win races and I decided that the ultimate goal would be to run a marathon I enter the first marathon in 2000 and I won it and from there I just decided that this was a way forward to help more animals and to promote vegan diet training for a marathon is not just about going out and running endless miles it’s about doing speed work it’s about doing a lot of endurance work and coupling the tool together so you’ve got to be fast but you’ve got to be fast over a long distance so I personally and everybody’s different trained between about 80 and 100 miles a week I have complete 100% faith that my diet will give me everything that my body needs to perform well I certainly don’t look at meaty doesn’t think I can perform any better if I ate meat from 22 marathons and I always produce a good run no matter what when I’m going to race people you know are quite surprised that I can do what I do on a vegan diet and they say why are you vegan and I would face them well why on you because after all I’ve just beaten you so perhaps if you try my diet you might be up there winning races too on one particular occasion the person who presented me reward was the Lady Mayoress and she actually said that her daughter had been wanting to go vegetarians for quite a few months when my mum was able to tell her that I’d been vegetarian since tiny and vegan since a teenager she would really open joy that was rolling on there that you could use that’s a bigger achievement for me because that’s somebody growing up and then she’s the future and veganism is the future peace good work guys good sleep more sunshine like brain I’ve been working for the NHS for over 15 years now and it’s wonderful because when I get patients sends me who are overweight or got heart disease or high blood pressure I can talk to him about all the plant-based food technique that make them a lot healthier by cutting out the saturated fat and high salt foods in their diet recommendations now by the Department of Health is to go towards a more plant-based diet with the encouragement to have five portions of fruits and vegetables a day in my opinions omnivores can be lacking in lots of vitamins and minerals and nutrition generally if you look at the obesity look at all the fast foods they’re the kind of foods that vegan just wouldn’t entertain eating at all and certainly studies have shown that vegans are less at risk of heart disease type 2 diabetes and things like hypertension so certainly a vegan diet encompasses all those health benefits as well and I feel really fit and healthy I love my food and I do love having treats and a benefits from a vegan diet is that it’s low in saturated fat so you can have all these treats and you know you’re still going to be looking after your heart people often are concerned about calcium which you can get from fortified foods and vitamin b12 which you can get through things like fortified non-dairy milk some soya products also from some yeast extracts whether you’re vegan or a meat-eater you still need to make sure you have adequate quantities of vitamin D the main source comes from sunshine from the sunlight on your skin so get adequate sunshine or have fortified foods containing vitamin D and we get quite a few queries about parents or pregnant women who are concerned about getting the right nutrition for their children and for their unborn child and certainly we can assure them that they get all the nutrition they need through a planned vegan diet and I’ve written a book for the vegan society about vegan infants it starts from conception through to infancy and hopefully prepares to reassure then get all the nutrition they need for themselves and for their children I’ve been vegan for six years and then I became pregnant friends asked me are you going to stay vegan surely not sort of thing and I didn’t have any pressure from doctors or midwives everyone seemed very happy for me to stay vegan wasn’t a problem at all I’ve read a lot about being pregnant and I knew everything that was supposed to be seeing and so there’s absolutely fine I was very active and fit during my pregnancy pregnancy was great I quite enjoyed it and she was nine pound three when she was born so she was a pretty big baby without any dairy or meat you know I managed to produce a very beautiful healthy baby and everything’s been great I’ve felt very healthy and strong since I’ve had to breastfeeding hasn’t been easy it’s made me respect I’ve got animals milk even more and make me feel strongly that I don’t want to ingest any other milk because their milk is meant for their babies just as my milk is meant for my baby and it just seems completely wrong that adults of other species should be drinking milk that’s not for them I’ve been very lucky I think she’s a very happy baby she’s not had colic or any digestive problems and some people have told me anecdotally they think that’s because of my diet that I’m not eating anything which upsets her digestive system so I would really advocate staying vegan and being confident about being vegan because I do believe it’s the best thing for your baby as well as for you I’m here now with Labour MP Carrie McCarthy and this morning we’re going to be talking about global food security the environmental concerns surrounding food production well I think people just need to be very much aware of the impact of the Western diet on the environment as well I mean some people will become vegans because of health reasons some cos concerns about animal welfare but I think increasingly people are beginning to look at the impact of industrialized farming and the fact that we just cannot sustain a western-style diet the world’s population is predicted to grow from 6.7 billion at the moment to 9 billion by 2050 and even if we don’t have those levels of population growth even if we stick to current levels it’s estimated that if everyone adopted a western-style diet we’d need three planets the size of Earth in order to sustain ourselves a vegan diet is very sustainable because on average it requires a third of the water and a third of the land to produce a vegan based diet than it would to produce an animal-based diet and that’s because farmed animals eat much more protein than they produce most of the protein that they consume is used to actually to live to keep themselves warm to repair injuries rather than to actually what you could describe as grow milk eggs or means more water land is therefore needed to produce cattle feed for example which leads to deforestation scarcity of water supplies soil erosion and the pesticides have a damaging effect on the environment as well so we need to explore ways that are less harmful and wasteful and have less impact on our environment our natural resources some people ask me well what would happen to farmers livelihoods if we all moved to plant-based diet along with animal-based but obviously if people did do that they would still be consuming crops that are actually grown by farmers they’d be enrolled for farmers to play to move towards a more sustainable way of farming I live in the countryside and I see how much of the land his potential is just not being used I mean in Hampshire a lot of the land is devoted to stables for horses so we could actually change the lounge’s to benefit the wildlife the planet the animals and us a lot of people ask me would the landscape look monotonous without livestock I mean I could say that we’ve actually created an artificial landscape which was more diverse before with trees and wildlife and we would actually encourage the diversity of crops we would be seeing orchards of nuts and fruit we would encourage a lot of understory shrubs layers of soft fruit of great diversity of vegetables and cereal crops it would actually be a much better mixture of of crops instead of huge monocultures of acres and acres because of the diversity you would get more habitat for the Wildlife actually encourage the wildlife which is under a great great pressure with the current conventional farming the bees here are very important they actually operate at much lower temperatures and honeybees that come out earlier and they and they feed later so you’re getting good pollination I know also here there are three species of parasitic wasp which means that you have a reduction in caterpillar numbers which cause a great deal of damage to cabbages and broccoli and kale and hardly any any damage is seen here the hedgerows are kept very very thick they’re not cut every year so they’re richer for wildlife and they’re also connecting annuals between the hedgerows across the fields which act as beetle banks and wildlife corridors what these methods do is they actually benefit the biodiversity you have more predators which keep a balance you don’t have the pests and disease problems could we manage on a plant-based diet in the UK a lot of work being done with agroforestry is showing that we could have a lot of the crops growing here that we’re actually importing at the moment and a lot of things could still be grown outside we wouldn’t have to have heated greenhouses and even just with the polytunnel like we’re seeing here it’s surprising what you can achieve we have now several stock free commercial stock free farms like this one we know that these methods work stop free organic farming the system of food production which excludes any animal by-products or any depends on and the more inputs at all it’s not just about growing crops it’s also about the way we interact with what goes on you know we’ve been nature around us we’ve been doing it now for fifteen or sixteen years it’s working very well people very happy with it I mean it’s nice to have people back on the land working land and everyone’s more than happy to be doing it we’ve developed the system of fertility building which relies very much on green earth so we’re using plants to produce nutrients which to fix from the air to improve biodiversity and not relying on importing somebody else’s land to support our fertility which is what most conventional and organic production is depend on so we’ve kind of signed this system which is more or less independent of exterior forces and because we’re building carbon in the soil is particularly important I mean a very small increase in organic content in the soil has a huge effect in terms of carbon entrapment in fact this is when the biggest carbon sinks possible soil so it’s not only good for animals it’s also very good for carbon capture which is obviously good for climate change so we’re building a game and telling the only way to build or guarantee long-term is food plants you can’t do it through manure curly I mean your dissipates into the environment very quickly it gets broken down whereas plants they leave roots in the ground which gradually decay and become carbon thin here is actually four different types of green manure for different plans for doing slightly different things but all building for charity and the the outcome of this is a saw which is very friable good good population of worms easily worked doesn’t take as much energy to work so when it’s in good condition yes and very good for plant roots so this this forms the basis for tt for future crop eat your coffee yeah you’ve got a whole range of crops 70 different types of vegetables over 300 sevens a year almost once selling every day on average so it’s making the best possible use of land to feed people which is really what funny should be doing and I do very much hope that there will be a move a transition from the conventional type I quote you have now to a stop through agriculture in the future stock free farming I could support people in developing countries as well as here and the same techniques would be beneficial we would actually not use the fast amounts of water land food to support the livestock we would actually create more tree habitats making a difference with climate change it’s been interesting looking at the way the environmental debate has developed I mean initially people thought carbon emissions that’s about the energy we use in our homes or it’s about the amount we drive or the amount we fly but increasingly people have realized that the food and the environment are so closely interconnected and there’s been a growing amount of research which is saying actually the way we eat and what we eat and what we throw away is having a significant impact on the environment every step of the journey from the field to your plate is creating carbon it could be anywhere higher so that 818 percent of greenhouse gas emissions it’s caused by the meeting and dairy products we compare that say with the aviation sector which is only 2 percent so you know there’s a tenfold difference between the aviation sector and the food sector we only have one planet and it’s a defined size there’s only a certain amount of arable land and a lot of that’s being increasingly degraded through animal agriculture least in Australia certainly harder proved animals and other parts of the world degrading the quality of the land and we need to be very careful with the way we farm in order to make sure that that lands is there to sustain us for future generations cattle in many countries in world outnumber the people the cattle themselves produce a lot of waste they require a lot of land methane is produced from them which is a huge contributor to global warming one of the most significant and for every kilo of meat an increasing proportion of dung that goes onto the land in the u.s. it’s the FAO report that says that’s one of the primary causes of water table pollution in the Amazon the vast majority of deforestation is being used for cattle farming and much of the remaining is for soya protein which is used as cattle food so without without this relentless strive to produce more meat which is a you know a high profit product we would have more Amazon which has been called the lungs of the world in addition to its contribution to climate change you have to look at species loss you have to look at the native people who live there and so on the number of birds the number of animals that live in a given area forest or essentially wiped out by it being converted to forms of agriculture it’s like someone going into the Louvre in France and just smashing it up I mean it it’s – and and and it’s just so unnecessary and we’re destroying something that that can’t be replaced there are a host of things we could do that will have a really significant effect on climate changes to society things that we’re looking at the things like transport our energy supply and and then you have the way we use animals given that global livestock production is causing more greenhouse gas emissions and all forms of transport put together I think we’re confronted with a question do we totally reengineer our energy and transport systems or do we just give up eating what I think are often unhealthy and cool products there’s also the case of fish stocks most of the major ways in which fish are caught are fairly unsustainable we have things like drift net fishing which is completely indiscriminate and it catches every sort of fish in the ocean then you have trawling which trough the oceans for reducing plant biodiversity destroying reefs people often say that fish farming is a sustainable option but actually an even greater number of fish are required to be caught from the wild in order to feed those fish I have a number of friends who who say well what if we raised animals in a more ethical manner The Omnivore’s Dilemma is a very famous book where that’s his conclusion is that he can move to the country and raise his own chickens anything his own animals it’s a lovely concept if you like the taste of meat but it’s just not going to sustain six billion people and growing which is the world’s current population I’ve always been a vegetarian my whole life and so I’ve always respected animals to an extent my boyfriend challenged me to become a vegan because he’s done the vegan challenge for a month and I was inspired so I I went into it with full enthusiasm and I got all the benefits I felt good about myself I got lots of vitality I lost weight as well and I’m proud of myself and I’m more than anything proud of the fact that no animal is harmed by what I eat and that’s what I think veganism is about living in harmony with everybody our thinking about non-human animals is very confused and people that have chosen to lead a cruelty-free plant-based lifestyle are baffled as to why other people have not made a connection many of us lived companion animals such as dogs cats and rabbits we share our homes with them considered a members of the family and we grieve when they die yet we kill and eat other animals but if you really think about it are no different from the ones we love this is known as speciesism a prejudice against members of different species most people don’t question their habit of eating animals as they’ve been brought up to believe it’s normal behavior but causing suffering should never be considered normal according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization humans kill approximately 56 billion animals of food each year and this doesn’t include fish this quantity can only be achieved by factory farming animals which can lead to diseases such as bird flu swine flu BSE and mr s antibiotic resistant microbes are the result of the overuse of antibiotics over half the antibiotics in the UK are given to farmed animals not humans and farmed animal diseases can spread to units behind windowless walls is easy to turn a blind eye to the horrific reality of factory farms and slaughterhouses you may think this footage is old that things are not like this anymore wrong this is exactly what is like and what happens to the farmed animals who live outside is not too dissimilar free-range chickens will usually be slaughtered for meat at eight weeks and organic at around twelve weeks people see cattle and sheep grazing in fields and think they’re okay but they’ll also be sent to slaughter like all animals bred for food factory farmed and free-range animals are treated as commodities and their individual needs or preferences are not respected and it’s not just to produce meat every year millions of farmed calves and chicks die in order to produce milk and eggs male chicks don’t produce eggs and are not profitable for meat production so are killed the day they are born and laying hens when their egg production starts to fall are also killed long before their normal life expectancy it’s no fun for cows either in order to produce milk the dairy cow must give birth to a car as soon as the calf is born they form a strong bond with their mother yet within a few days they are usually separated causing extreme distress male calves do not produce milk and are usually shot at birth or sent for veal production and the female calves are added to the milk production line like their mothers three months after the loss of her calf while still producing milk she is usually made pregnant again she’s put through this exhausting procedure three or four times until she too is deemed redundant and killed more than 20% of dairy cows sent to slaughter have been found to be pregnant and the skin from these unborn cars is used to make soft suede many people assume that leather is an incidental element of the railing of animals for me it’s not it’s used to produce shoes jackets wallet gloves and furniture and so purchasing leather goods helps make the railing and killing of animals a profitable concern just as we have tried to end racism sexism and ageism we can also try to end speciesism enjoying a plant-based diet and vegan lifestyle is the ultimate protest against animal exploitation it’s taking action every day to reduce animal suffering and death by decreasing the demand for all I don’t like watching their animal cruelty City to it by us watching it together we can make a difference we can empower ourselves by being educated what is going on and then change it with the mounting evidence compassion our health the environment water pollution supporting developing countries food security rising population sustainability the rainforest when people ask why are you vegan perhaps the question should be why on dude please make the connection I like being able to abstain from the negative aspects of food culture and be able to celebrate the positive month becoming Regan’s not mean Duff changing of diets caring about animals global warming also you’re changing the lifestyle I feel wonderful being vegan the best thing I’ve ever done if we want to have a lower carbon diet we should be eating a more vegan food I think there’s misconceptions about being a vegan which stops people exploring investigating it seeing it as a possibility in my opinion the real reason people eat meat and dairy because they like the taste of it when you look at the evidence is that really working the case for the organism is so strong on a number of fronts from the animal welfare point of view from the health point of view and from the environmental point of view that I would never go back food when I was pregnant was very easy they tell you not to eat all the things that already worked in my diet it was brilliant people say to me oh you have any trouble you know cutting up cream cheese and is like no good I need only way I feel a change has to come very quickly time in a way isn’t on our side but we know we have the solutions in place we know to stop drink at work so what our people are concerned about developing countries the environment the health or our fellow creatures becoming vegan is an active positive and compassionate choice yeah maybe I feel private flashing like a brighter future for the future I hope that more people respect to each other care for the planet a little bit more and respect animals a lot more and just try a cruelty-free diet stop

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Veganism Since 1806 – ft. John Davis

Let’s get started right off with a friend of mine who’s in here from England his name is John Davis John was a pioneer of vegetarianism on the internet from the earliest days I think starting in 1994 he was building major English and European vegetarian websites he is the manager the manager of the international vegetarian Union ivu and in that capacity he helps to arrange and participates in activities geared towards assisting vegetarian organizations around the world with a particular emphasis in emerging nations in Africa and China and Asia he is a wealth of information about vegetarian vegetarianism through the ages and probably knows more than just about anybody I know about the mirror and distant past who were plant-based he’s got a great English accent and please help me welcome straight from Downton Abbey my friend John Davis [Applause] this is going to be a very quick history tour and all the people who come in late I should be reminding them regularly the most important slide in this whole talk is the first one unable have missed it so let’s see if we can go on now the reason I’m starting in nineteen sorry 1806 that’s the first very clear unambiguous statement we get about veganism and this is dr. William lamb who was practicing in London at the time 1806 he changed his diet to take out all animal products completely a few years later he wrote a book and in that he said has he got up there my reason for objecting to every species of matter to be used as food except the direct produce of the earth he’s founded on the broad ground that no other matter is suited to the organs of man this applies them with the same force to eggs milk cheese and fish as to flesh meat that’s a pretty clear statement of a plant food diet and he wrote that I think 1809 his first book came out the photograph was taken when he was 82 he changed his diet when he was 40 and you can imagine in the first half of the 19th century who difficult it was to follow this diet marjorine hadn’t been invented saw he was unknown in the West they were very limited but he still lived to be 82 very fit and healthy throughout that time now moving on one of his patients was a man called John Frank Newton who also adopted the same diet wrote a book about it Newton added some of the ethical aspects about treatment of animals I’m not gonna read all that because I haven’t really got time but you can see it William lamb probably had ethical values as well but we don’t know because his books were all just medical so going on again how many of you have heard of Michelle were a few of you okay Shelley of the very famous poet or famous if you’ve heard of him Shelley mate Newton and changed his diet along with a bunch of others and they had for a while in 1813 they were a whole bunch of them living in a country house effectively a vegan commune they were trying very hard to be vegan or what we now call vegan the word wasn’t there then I know you can see from that in the middle of it cheese was under the ban milk and cream might not be taken unreservedly however they were allowed in puddings and to be poured sparingly into tea as an indulgence to the neophytes neophyte being someone who’s new to it all and I’m sure we can all remember how difficult it was giving up milk they were struggling but they tried they knew what they were trying to do soon after that we start getting transatlantic communications I’ll put up some British and American flags for the next few slides so you can see what I’m talking about dr. William land in London was in contact with Sylvester Graham in Boston but some of you might have heard of Sylvester Graham meanwhile a man called James Pierpont grieve so I’ll come back to in a minute in London was in contact with Bronson all can’t also in Boston most Americans know about Bronson Alcott because of his daughter Louisa May Alcott Bronson was a very important character in his own right and I’ll come back to him later as well so this is Sylvester Graham originally a Presbyterian minister he adopted what they were then calling the vegetable diet and he started out like most of those same well yeah eggs and dairy okay but then he changed his mind and by 1839 he wrote in his book though they do better on a milk and vegetable diet the one of flesh in vegetables yet they do best when they can find themselves to a diet of pure vegetable food and pure water and this is straight out of William lambs book the communication across the Atlantic taking place here so again they see dr. John snow back in England anyway it says at the top dr. John snow was voted in a poll of British doctors in 2003 as the greatest physician of all time and very few of those British doctors who voted for him would have known that he was also what we now call vegan he’d adopted the diet through reading Newton’s book and coming into contact with lambs ideas the reason John snows famous are he was the one who discovered the cause of cholera which was a huge breakthrough the doctors at the time all said eat something in the air snow said it’s in the water the drinking water and this came from William lambs argument about pure water you can imagine what the drinking water in London was like in the early 19th century and he virtually invented the science of Epidemiology in the process so it’s a hugely important figure we’re going again now this is the important part old courthouse James Pierpont Greaves who I mentioned earlier who was an educator he wanted to start a school and he was given some books about Bronson Alcott school in Boston so Greaves wrote to okok what he didn’t know because communications in those days you can imagine how long he took a letter to get across the Atlantic and volkov school had already closed so or clock didn’t reply though Greaves went ahead 1838 he opened his school near London and because he was so impressed with the books about Olcott he called it old car house and this was a boarding school the 1841 census shows something like twenty three children and three teachers later only changed and became more of an adult community about just over two years ago a group of us including some friends at Harvard and Berkeley University decided that we could finally work out where the word vegetarian came from there been arguments for 150 years about this the big difference now is that Google have scanned 10 million of books and whereas in the past you’d have to go to a huge library look through every page of every book to find the word vegetarian now you just put vegetarian before 1847 which is the crucial day and up they all come and allowing for scanning errors what we showed without any doubt at all was that every use of the word vegetarian before 1847 came from people very closely connected with Alcott house before that it was known as the vegetable diet and everywhere else it was known as the vegetable diet these were the people who started to call themselves vegetarians and we then we got a bit of a surprise really when we looked at it more we get what it says up there neither milk butter cheese eggs nor any species of flesh meat nor animal food neither tea coffee nor any of those artificial stimulants do the Concord aspartate of almost apply to other concord is they change the name after a while to the concordia this is because Bronson or Cox hometown Concord Massachusetts is going back to that it was a sort of thing about harmony so this was in every sense what we now call vegan and not just the food they made it very clear they objected to any use of animals for anything at all so they were ethical vegans in every sense so the first people who call themselves vegetarian used the word to mean exactly what it looks like vegetables vegetation nothing else and some of us are trying to get the word back to what it originally meant if you go to veg source calm you’ve all seen veg source calm be here otherwise Roger at the top it says your resource for all things vegetarian you won’t find anything on there saying eat more cheese so Jeff is using the word for what it really means and so all that this came as a surprise some you know I wrote it up and it’s gone all around the world since then so moving on a bit Bronson Allcock he came over to London in 1842 stayed there a few months went back to Boston and found Lee Fruitland so you may have heard of fruitland this was a completely vegan community didn’t last long he’s mostly famous because of Bronson’s 10 year old daughter Louisa Mae who was living there at the time I’m gonna move on quickly Henry David Thoreau I’m sure you’ve all heard of him friend of all cops he was he was never completely vegan but he was experimenting with it while he was living in his Hut he specifically says he cutout butter of milk as well as the animal foods it sort of varied over the years now we go back to England there was a spinoff from old house called North Ward villa which was a hydrotherapy Institute water cure of treatment which had come over from Germany we’ve now shown that this was also completely what we now call vegan they took over editing the the Old Courthouse Journal and called it the truth tester and in early 1847 one of the readers wrote to this journal saying why don’t we start a vegetarian society the word had been around for since about 1840 so they arranged a meeting the problem was the old house at this point was running out of money they were struggling but there were some others who I think yeah well come up there was another group in the north of England near Manchester called the Bible Christian Church they also followed what they called the vegetable diet but their version that the vegetable diet was based on the promised land flowing with milk and honey annex and they had a very wealthy businessman they had a Member of Parliament they had money they had influence so the old house Lord who were struggling joined up with them and formed the vegetarian society which left the obvious problem so they set the objects of the society down there as pointa the objects of the society are to induce habits of abstinence from the flesh of animals as food and only the flesh nothing about no Couric’s so you can see the problem the meaning of the word vegetarian is now changing because of the vegetarian society I it caused confusion right through the second half of the 19th century there were always a large group of people who did not use any animal products at all and called themselves vegetarian but there are even more who did use eggs and dairy and also called themselves vegetarian the society tried to change his name at one point in the 1870s they tried the Dietetic reform Society the vegetable egg and milk Society all sorts of things but they knew they were not really vegetarians they knew it was wrong but they couldn’t get around it in the end some of you might have heard the word veggie Tufts and there’s a really silly fiction which we’ve also disproved about the word vegetarian being derived from they cheat us which means whole fresh and lively and it’s got nothing to do with eggs and dairy that was invented in the 1880s to get around this problem of the wrong name so they carried on calling it the vegetarian society um meanwhile over in New York Russell troll was running another one of these hydrotherapy Institute’s it moved across the Atlantic by this time he’s originally he was producing a cookbook which had Acheson dairy in it he went the other way changed in 1862 and in 1874 he published but as far as we know the first ever vegan cookbook so the Americans got there first and John Harvey Kellogg you’ve all heard of him Kellogg seventh-day adventists the Battle Creek Sanitarium and of course he and his brother went on to make the corn flakes Kellogg’s books and they’re about 40 of them all use certainly yogurt or yogurt as you call it so if lacto-vegetarian can lock himself privately cut out all of that and he was at least in dietary terms vegan for about 40 years he eventually he went back to a certain amount of dairy and then he discovered soy milk by the 1920s this was just getting known in the West if he discovered soy milk earlier there maybe everyone around the world will be eating cornflakes with soy milk instead of cow’s milk would have made a difference this is the first British vegan cookbook in 1910 again there’s a lot of transatlantic connections there it was published in America as well but it wasn’t called vegan it was just called know animal food plant food and we’ve actually got at the bottom there New York Times November 6 1910 dr. Lee please for better food and he used the phrase plant foods as far as I can find that is the first ever use of that phrase plant foods and again it’s the Americans and what the Americans doing what you always do is shift from the negative to the positive so instead of time we don’t eat this and we don’t eat that you talk about what you do eat and we’re trying to promote that thinking around the rest of the world as well so we eat a plant food diet Mohandas Gandhi you’ve all heard of him he was originally followed the traditional Hindu diet when he went to London about 1890s a student his mother made him take a vow not to eat meat while he was in London it was a religious vow so he struggled with it then while he was there he found a vegetarian restaurant but he also found a book by Henry salt called the plea for vegetarianism at this point Gandhi had never heard of vegetarianism he was just a Hindu and he ain’t a Hindu diet but he read this book and decided that this was a good idea in his own right not just because of his religion so he changed and he then took it to the next step because Henry salt was also saying that milk is not necessary for the 1890s this was going against the majority Gandhi actually gave up milk drinking completely for about six years when he was in South Africa go back to India he was ill the doctors all said to him you know he’s India you have to drink milk he still he kept to his vow but he’s ours not to drink cow’s milk so he compromised and took goat’s milk in India that is a big deal he’s very different but he always 1831 he came to London spoke to the vegetarian society I need very clearly stated that he saw milk drinking as the tragedy of my life people did we could never quite get away from there he also by the 1930s had discovered soy milk and started experimenting with it but there wasn’t much of it around him then the next step the inevitable 1944 this is during the Second World War which is quite extraordinary there were an increasing number of members of the vegetarian society who were unhappy with the vegetarian society’s use of eggs and dairy products they were calling themselves non dairy vegetarians but that included no eggs as well they wanted to form a separate section within the society and they have their own page in the magazine for the non dairy people given that the definition was always with or without eggs and dairy and there are always a lot following the weed out version the society’s council said no can’t be that that will be too divisive it got more divisive inevitably they started another Society and they took the beginning in the end of the word vegetarian and invented the word vegan I need his pronounced vegan not whatever other kind of pronunciation other people might come up with but they maintained their close connection with the vegetarian society don’t watson who was the main instigator of this kept his membership of the vegetarian society for life he he had gone what we was now called vegan in about 1942 he lived to be 95 he died I think 2005 aged 95 so didn’t do him any harm the photograph there almost as soon as the vegan society was founded they joined the International vegetarian Union they had no problem with that they were part of the vegetarian movement and you do get vegans today that we’re not vegetarians we’re not having anything to do without vegans or something different well no you know vegans are part of the vegetarian movement and always have been and vegetarian has always been with or without eggs and dairy and then we get there cause the Americans are not going to be left behind on this by 1948 there was a vegan society in California 1960 it joined us jadenshell who founded the american vegan society still active today that has also been a member of the international vegetarian Union from the day it started in 1960 they kind of went the other way 1974 jadenshell did the North American vegetarian society quite deliberately to make it sound more inclusive bringing more people and they used that to promote the first-ever ivu Congress in North America in 1975 I got one and a half thousand people for of two weeks in up in Maine which in 1975 that’s a lot of people did an amazing job with that and vegans and ivu that’s the top photograph is the 1957 ivu Congress in India I should explain ivu the International vegetarian Union was founded in 1908 so we’re 104 years old now and we’ve been organizing these congresses every two or three years I say we not me personally even I’m not I know but every two or three years as a congress moving around the world 1957 the Congress was in India and that photograph is the Indian vegan society though they got one too considering the word was only indented in 1944 we’ve now got vegan societies in America and India and below doubt the 1977 Congress the general secretary of eye view was a prominent member of the vegan society so IBU is kind of catching up with all this on this one ibu goes vegan well yes we are still called the International vegetarian Union we have no intention at all of changing the name for the last 15 years we have insisted to any event that we support all the food must be totally plant food no eggs no dairy so if you take the definition of vegetarian is with or without eggs dairy we only promote the without version we try to be inclusive we accept any type of vegetarian members but we will not promote anything other than plant food and we now have 22 vegan societies around the world which are members of ivu 114 in our database organizations using the word vegan in their title and most organizations around the world which called themselves vegetarian are doing what I ve was doing and promoting plant food only the original meaning of the word vegetarian now to be fair most individuals who call themselves vegetarian had no idea what it means a lot of meat they surely chicken though you know they only read me on Thursdays and they call themselves vegetarian very frustrating but the organizations with one or two notable exceptions the organization’s are promoting the plant food only version of vegetarian this is just an interesting little graph from Google the red line is searches for the word vegan over the last few years I can’t see that 2004 right so the last eight years searches for the word vegan the blue line is searches for the word vegetarian and you can see what’s happening California there’s a head of the world as always California there are now more searches for vegan and vegetarian somewhere on the East Coast about level on the rest of the world they’re still looking for vegetarian but they’re catching up so California Ruiz is way out there showing the way nice the last one oh look at that I’ve got a few minutes spare now if you want to know more about all this history go to ID you.org if you can see that ivu is international vegetarian Union dr. org and down the left-hand side you’ll see a button that says history and you click on that and you’ll see what the history of veganism there’s a collection of articles have been writing over the last two and a half years and there’s also a link to an e-book and you can download the whole book completely free about two hundred pages the history of veganism all of this in much more detail now given here so do go and have a look lots of it about America and about the rest of the world all sorts of things going on so I’m going to stop thank you very much

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The Vegan Society debate childhood vegan nutrition on Channel 5’s The Wright Stuff

Welcome back to Thursdays show with Helen
Led, Steve First and Joe Woods, still to come Is it acceptable to tell someone, friend,
family, stranger to wash their hands especially if they’ve just come out of the loo. 02071735555
is the number. First though is putting your child on a strict vegan diet tantamount to
abuse? An Italian couple have just lost custody of their 14 month-old son after his strict
vegan diet reportedly left him severely malnourished. The child was taken to a hospital by grandparents
a week ago and after finding him to be under weight, the same weight as a three-month-old
in fact, and in general poor health, authorities took him into care. Veganism is a lifestyle
that excludes all animal products and by products so there’s no meat, no fish, no milk, no eggs,
no honey, no leather fur silk or wool. It’s grown in popularity, the number of vegans
in Britain is up by a staggering 360 percent in a decade. 542,000 in total and It’s usually
an ethical choice and some choose it for their children to follow too but given It’s restrictive
nature, can it provide the nutrients that children need to develop. What experts say
is It’s more difficult to nourish a young child adequately on a restrictive diet especially
as they often have to eat more to get the same energy values, some can end up deficient
in vitamin D, calcium and iron. Unsurprisingly those at The Vegan Society would disagree,
they say research shows vegans are generally healthier then those on an animal-based diet,
as their more clued up about nutrition and joining us now is Jimmy Pearson who is a spokesperson
for The Vegan Society, thank you very much for joining us Jimmy and how long have you
been a vegan?. I’ve been vegan for two years now and I must admit It’s the best decision
I ever made. Why did you decide to go vegan? Well I went vegan initially because I wanted
to improve my health and I very quickly noticed a string of benefits, I was sleeping better,
had clearer skin, my digestion was much improved and I had a lot more energy that was the main
thing I noticed. I went from someone who didn’t enjoy running at all to loving long distance
running, It was fantastic and all the evidence also suggests that the vegan diet is really
effective and protecting against lots of long-term chronic health conditions so I’m sure the
benefits will continue throughout my life but It’s not just about health for me, the
more I looked into the meat industry and the dairy industry, the more the standard practises
shocked me so now I would say I was mainly vegan for the animals. And I would like to
know and I mean It’s all very well you being an adult doing this but do you have children
Yes. And are they vegan? Yes they are. My partner Emma and I had our first child, our
daughter Sharon only 3 months ago so she’s exclusively breast feeding still and I think
we’ll start weaning at about 6 months. And then what are you gonna put the child on?
If they don’t have milk or even goats milk. I think goats milk is quite a good option
but what will after she’s finished breast feeding what will you give your child Well
we will of course be raising her vegan on the basis that we think based on our experience
how we feel and all the evidence and research in front of us that it will give her the best
possible start in life and as soon as she’s old enough to start eating she’ll be eating
all the fantastic wide variety of vegan foods that we eat. Straight to food Laura will continue
breastfeeding as long as she can which is up to two years which I think is the world
health organisations recommendation, particularly people on vegan diets. Do you think people
are going to judge you for that stand? Well they haven’t done so far, I’d say not at all
actually. Well you’re on national TV now so maybe. Public perception is changing fast
and old stereotypes are fading slowly but surely and most people nowadays rather then
asking me where I get my protein from, they’re asking me for recipe ideas which is fantastic
and throughout my partner being pregnant and Sharon being born we had unqualified support
from the medical profession, now that’s not the experience all vegans get but it was for
us whether It’s GPs, midwives, health visitors, they’re all completely behind us and I think
that’s an indication that the tide’s turning and that people are much more accepting of
veganism but there’s a point I’d really like to make here actually and It’s that the media’s
portrayal of this case that’s particularly misleading. Now there are on average 5,000
cases of malnutrition in the UK alone every year yet the media has decided to highlight
a single instance with a vegan family in Italy. Now in terms of malnutrition the problem in
this case and with every case is a shortage of calories and nutrients, It’s nothing inherently
to do with the vegan diet which contains everything you need for great health at every age and
life stage including childhood and infancy and that’s the position of the British Dietetic
Association who are widely regarded as the leading authority on matters like this in
this country. You put your case very well, as one would expect, I’m just interested that
you’ve been a vegan for two years so before that, didn’t you like a pint and crisps and
the steak? Admittedly I was a big meat-eater and if someone told me I’d be vegan a number
of years ago I would not of believed them. I used to work in KFC. Oh my god, even I don’t
do chicken in a drum stick, in a basket sorry. So It’s interesting, you’ve done this for
2 years, I applaud everything you’ve said, what would you do if your child says “Right
dad, I want a steak and I want it now.” Well of course those kind of choices about her
diet are entirely hers and as they will be throughout her life and all different things,
My partner and I will support her however she chooses to live her life and with whoever.
So it’s just for while she can’t answer back she will get the lentils. We will of course
try our best to ensure those choices are informed choices and we’ll explain where food comes
from, how the animals are treated and importantly the impact that has on animals and our health
but also the environment. Jimmy we’ve got a lot of calls on, haven’t we storm? absolutely
we’ve got Ang on line 4, Hello Good Morning Ang, Would you like to address your question
straight to Jimmy. Well my question is that I stopped eating red meat and I became really
really ill and I had to be hospitalized twice and have blood transfusions and nearly die,
I think what you’re doing is really irresponsible, what people need to understand is it’s not
really a question but our biology is animal biology, we can take in iron from animal better than iron from vegetables and I do think It’s a subtle form in my opinion of abuse. I don’t
know whether you could look at it properly because you probably weren’t brought up as
a vegan from birth where you? No I was a meat-eater all my life, and speaking from my experience
I felt significantly better once I removed animal products from my diet and to call it
irresponsible I would have to disagree with that, it’s not a restrictive diet, it contains
everything you need for great health but I suppose the problems come from a lack of educational
knowledge or information about it but there are huge amounts of resources online, It’s
never been easier to vegan than it is now so I’m sorry that you had a negative experience
but that’s not the general experience and if you were willing to give it a try again
there’s lots of support which perhaps there wasn’t years ago. Jimmy I just want to come
back to that point about bringing up a child as vegan and part of the problem seems to
be about the calories being large enough with a vegan diet. Well that is something that’s
been raised, and it’s a point, I can’t dispute that, children of course have smaller stomachs, but the recommendation about breast
feeding for as long as you can goes some way to alleviating that and eating little and
often is another good way to do it. Part of the problem is a vegan diet has a lot of fibre
in it which of course means you need to get even more calories. Absolutely but also there’s
a misconception that things like calcium come exclusively from dairy products but actually
if you look at green leafy vegetables, almonds, tofu, spinach for example, they’ve got much
higher rates of absorption then dairy products. Storm? We have bob on line 3. Hi there Bob,
Hi there. What’s your point? I agree with the guy from The Vegan Society, I’ve got three
kids myself and after two and a half years, for thirty years I ate meat, dairy, and eggs
and I had no reason to change but we came across some information about the ethics,
the health and environmental aspects and as responsible parents we did our research and
put the time in to find out if this was something applicable and that if our kids especially
could thrive on it, that’s what the difference is, maybe if these parents have dived into
this with their child without really doing their research and they haven’t really fed
him that’s where the problem lies but like the man from The Vegan Society said, all the
information is out there and we even consulted a nutritional therapist who gave us some more
information and since then I’ve had a knee problem of 14 years that disappeared, my kids
acne completely cleared up and we’ve never been healthier really. That’s what Jimmy was
saying, Bob thank you very much for giving us a ring. Storm? We’ve got Fiona on line
one. Hi There. Hi There, Good Morning, what’s your point? I agree with Jimmy that there
is a lack of understanding around what veganism actually is, because being plant based as a diet, being vegan is more about a wider understanding on where you can get your values from, if you explain to a child from a young age how their choices impact the wider world, then you are raising a compassionate human
being. I can see how that is a benefit to society and to them long term. Ok Fiona thank you
very much, Jen am I right in thinking you’re vegetarians? I’ll eat fish and occasionally
chicken but only if it’s organic. I’m all about organic and eating clean. You very rarely
see a fat vegan, vegans I see tend to be very healthy looking people. I want to be a vegan
now, let me be a vegan if I can look like him. He looks very lean and healthy. Storm?
We have Aaron on line 2. Hi, I find it astonishing that people equate veganism to extremism,
I’d ask people what’s more extreme eating a plant-based diet that reduces and reverses
your chances of diabetes, heart disease, cancer, or slaughtering 259 million animals daily
on the global scale? I suppose we come back to that point that Jimmy made, that there
is malnutrition on what people could consider a normal diet so in this particular instance
it’s more about the parents perhaps not knowing quite so much. Aaron thank you very much and
I suppose that’s what you’d say Jimmy doesn’t feel extreme to you, you just think it’s all
about food. Emma you’re a vegan aren’t you? Yeah I’m vegan, I think it’s the best decision
I’ve ever made, I’ve never felt healthier then when I started being vegan. I feel great.
How long have you been a vegan? I’ve been a vegan for a year and a half now and I feel
absolutely great and I stand by everything that Jimmy said so its great, it’s not a extreme
diet. Perhaps a little more difficult when you’re eating out with friends. Oh actually
it’s got easier and easier, Most restaurants now do offer a vegan option and I don’t find
it difficult at all, I think it’s fine. Ok thank you very much Emma and to you Jimmy.
I’m not being frivolous but can you have vegan wine? You can absolutely. So growing and fermenting’s
okay, I think that’s what happens with wine. Some of them are cleared with animal products.
With wine sometimes they use egg white to wash in the product. Ok, I’m leaning. Thank
you very much and thank you Jimmy. Thank you to all of you for calling.